Sunday, June 23, 2013

KUMPULAN ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TERBARU PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE ARTICLES



PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE ARTICLES





Winslow (1920) Community (Public Health) as a science and art: prevent disease, prolong life and promote health, through "community organizing efforts" to:
Improvement of environmental sanitation
Eradication of infectious diseases
Education for personal hygiene
Organization of medical services and treatment for early diagnosis and treatment
social engineering to guarantee everyone a decent living unmet needs in maintaining good health.

The American Medical Association (1948) defines Public Health is the science and art of maintaining, protecting and improving public health through the organized efforts of society.

PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE HISTORY


Greek Myths
Asclepius: the first doctor to treat disease and perform surgery in a certain way. Hygiene, assistant /  Asclepius, taught his followers through a balanced approach to life, avoid food / drink poison, eating nutritious meals, get enough rest and exercise. From the Greek myth, emerged two approaches in handling health care, the first flow emphasizes treatment (curative), the second stream emphasizes prevention (preventive) and increase (promotion) health.

Curatif difference preventive health care and heath care

NO CURATIF HEATH CARE PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE

Target 1 Target individul community
2  reactive approach to proactive
3 handling of bio-psychological handling of bio-psycho-social

Period before Sciences
In the ancient Roman times has been made latrin / human waste disposal sites, not for the purpose of preventing the disease. But to keep the smell and sight are not wearing.
In Roman times there has been a regulation requiring the construction of houses for the record, report dangerous animals / smell, supervise the drinking places, stalls, prostitution.
Seventh century, the perceived health of the community has been so important, because it was an outbreak of cholera and leprosy
12th century, there was a terrible plague in China and India. In 1340 recorded 13 million died of plague.
During this period, public health problems are so great, but efforts to solve public health problems as a whole has not been done.

Period Sciences
In the 19th century have been discovered by Louis Pasteur smallpox vaccine, carbolic acid for sterilizing surgery by Joseph Lister, ether anesthesia by William Marton
In 1832 established a commission for the investigation and public health efforts in the UK chaired by Edwin Chadwich.
In 1893, John Hopkins, founded the Faculty of Medicine in America.
In 1855, in the United States established the Department of Health, which serves the public health service delivery. Including environmental health surveillance.
1872, held a meeting of people who care about the health of the community with the establishment of the American Public Health Association (American Public Health Association).

Development of SMEs in Indonesia
Started 16th century, when the Dutch government. In 1927, cholera into Indonesia, a cholera outbreak in 1937 eltor, smallpox entered Indonesia in 1948, a cholera outbreak since the Dutch government public health efforts.
In 1807 by the Governor General Daendels was training TBAs and labor practices
1851, establishing dr.Bosch STOVIA (School Tot Oplelding Van Indiche Arsten) medical school for natives in Jakarta, Surabaya and in 1913 founded NIAS (Netherlands Indische Arsten School)
In 1922, pes enter Indonesia, next year has been an outbreak, in 1935 DDT spraying and mass vaccination.
In 1951, Dr. Y. Mena and dr. Introduced the concept of Bandung broken, that the curative and preventive aspects can not be separated
1956, dr. Y. Sulianti founded the "Project Bekasi" project integration rural health care and medical services.
In 1967, a seminar on integrated health society, the concept of PHC by dr. Achmad Dipodilogo, which eventually developed in 1968 by the Government

SCOPE OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Epidemiology
Biostatistics / Medical Statistics
Environmental Health
Health Education and Behavior
Administration of Public Health
Community Nutrition
Occupational Health

PUBLIC HEALTH EFFORTS:

Eradication of communicable and non-communicable diseases
Improvement of environmental sanitation
Environmental improvements Settlements
Vector eradication
Education / health education community
Maternal and Child Health Services
Nutrition coaching community
Sanitary supervision public places
Drug control and beverages
Promotion of community participation

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH

Blum (1974) says that there are four factors that affect the health of society:
Environment, which includes the physical environment, social, cultural, political, economic, and so on
Behavior
Health Care
Heredity (offspring)

Intervention environmental factors: improved sanitation, improved education, socio-economic improvement, political stability and security
Health care interventions: the provision and improvement of health facilities, improved systems and management of health services
Intervention heredity, maternal nutrition, health education on disease risk offspring groups.


PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE ARTICLES

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