Friday, June 14, 2013

ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG KALIMAT EFEKTIF



EFFECTIVE SENTENCES

Sentence is very important when we talk about the language and its structure. Sentences used to create letters, revealing something and speak in various occasions. Sentences are things you should know before we make a paragraph and other papers. If we do not really understand the sentence, we will be hard to express something and would be confusion if we will make an essay. Good sentence affects of an essay, and vice versa. So we must be careful in making sentences and put the words in a sentence. And as students we should have been able to know and understand about the sentence, can make sentences and more so we can put together a paper with a weighty sentences and quality. The following terms or phrases lexically based dictionary of Indonesian and various sentence itself:


Lexical meaning of the sentence or Indonesian dictionary meaning is:

Wording or phrase is a group of words which have the intent or the orderly and clear mind.

Sentence is a unit of language that stands alone and is not part of a greater unity with others who final intonation, consisting of one or more clauses.

Sentence is said that discloses a unitary concept of thoughts, feelings and words.

Sentence is the smallest unit of language, in the form of oral or written that expresses a complete thought. In the oral form of the sentence pronounced by the sound up and down, hard and soft, interrupted by pauses, and ended with a final intonation. In the form of the Latin inscription lettered sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a dot. (.), Question mark (?) And the exclamation point (!).

Various kinds of sentences
1. Sentence orders
2. Sentences News
3. Tanya sentence
4. Active sentences
5. Passive sentences
6. Jump sentence
7. Indirect sentence
8. Single sentence.
9. Compound sentences
10. Effective Sentences
11. Key sentence
12. Explanatory Sentence
Of various types of sentences above, we chose the discussion on effective sentences that are considered relevant to our times is discussed in this paper. Here's further explanation of effective sentence:

Effective sentences (Discussion)
Sentence is said to be effective if it successfully convey messages, ideas, feelings, and notice in accordance with the intent of the speaker or writer. For the delivery to be qualified as a good sentence, ie the structure right, right choice of words, logical  relationships, and spelling must be correct. According Gorys Keraf is a sentence that meets the following requirements:
a. can accurately represent the idea or feeling of the speaker or writer.
b. Able to give rise to precisely the same idea in mind of the listener or reader as it is thought by the speaker or writer. Traits - characteristics of effective sentence as follows:

1. Effective sentence containing the idea of ​​unity.
a) The subject and predicate of a sentence or explicit.
Example:
Ineffective: Connect it to reason also reading youth decline
Effective: With regards to that, he presented was also declining youth interest in reading.

b) The subject and predicate of the sentence should not be too far apart in order to guarantee the unity of the idea.
Example:
Not effective: clear development towards a new golden age, requires the development of the talents of the nation's cultural support in all fields ranging from things that seem small such as how to set up housekeeping, ways and means to improve the entertainment acquire major issues such as urban development , produce food, create new forms of art, in short everything about the new culture developing.

Effective: clear development a new golden age. Therefore, the construction requires the development of national culture talents in all fields, ranging from things that seem small to big problem.

c) Information should be rigorous and bright-light of the sentence so that did not interfere with comprehension. The information referred to herein include attributes, opsisi, adverbial, in English called modifer.
Squinting modifiers (description)
Example:
Ineffective: This year has just raised student tuition.
Effective: student tuition this year has just raised.

Dangling modifires (information not related)
Example:
Ineffective: can budget their spending carefully, finally debts can be repaid.
Effective: because it can draw up their budgets carefully, he can finally pay off all his debts.

Misplaced modifiers (misplaced caption)
Example:
Not Effective: in a crowd like that, they also do not want to lose the young ones, which rarely occurs once in five years.
Effective: in the development of such crowds, which rarely occurs once in five years, they also do not want to be outdone by the young ones.

Unidiomatic modifiers (statements which are not idiomatic)
Example:
Not effective: the sentence should be structured in such a way so as not to confuse the reader.
Effective: the sentence must be prepared as well as possible so as not to confuse the reader.

Abrupt modifiers (sudden caption)
Example:
Ineffective: We  because our family and friends advised us not to stay at the big hotel, inn residents to stay home.
Effective: For family and friends advised us not to stay in a great hotel, we resolve to stay in the inn residents.

Related modifiers illogicaly separated (separate statement relating illogical)
Example:
Not effective: even though the teacher is still in the development of medical care to the absence of failure to notify the principal is not acceptable, even if in fact it turns out he was trying to tell.
Effective: although the teacher was still hospitalized and the doctors actually tried to tell absence to the principal, his failure to notify unacceptable.

Fragment (incomplete sentences)
Example:
Not Effective: preparation of textbooks is aimed at helping people, especially those in rural areas in order to have the opportunity to learn to read and write.
Effective: the preparation of this textbook aims to help people, especially those in rural areas in order to get the stay opportunities to learn and write.

d) Punctuation should be used as well as possible. Effective sentence should be clean of the following errors:
Runing on sentences (sentences fused) sentences stacked.
Example:
Ineffective: we are all undertaking the misery of the people should always seek the welfare of our nation, both physical and spiritual.
Effective: We all, as undertaking the suffering of the people, should always seek the spiritual and physical well-being of our nation.

Comma splices (comma faults) the use of a comma in a sentence errors.
Example:
Ineffective: A student is like a mountain climber, mountain climbing goals.
Effective: a student, is like mountain climbing mountaineer ideals - ideals.

e) effective sentence should be clean also from:
Kontamisani (confusion)
Example:
Ineffective: At the school the students are taught various skills.
Effective: students are taught in school that the wide - range of skills.

Redundancy and trutologi (additions are not necessary)
Example:
Not effective: in the days of long ago, in a kingdom ruled a very wise queen again wise.
Effective: in ancient times, in a kingdom ruled a wise queen.

Hiperkorek (fix what is really so wrong)
Example:
Not effective: all order durable laminated diplomas.
Effective: All diplomas  so durable.

2. Effective sentence embodies koheresi good and compact.
Koheresi is a linkage between the elements that helps to build sentences and paragraphs. Each word or phrase in the sentence should be linked into or out. Koheresi to keep it, should the author:
Critical of the use of the pronoun in the sentence. It is possible that the use of the pronoun causes ineffective sentences.

Critical  use the word, the word is sometimes used unnecessary or otherwise, deleted the actual word should be used.

Utilize transitional words or transition to explicit and clarify the relationship between the notion of a sentence and the other sentences in the paragraph, the paragraph with each other in a paragraph.

3. Effective sentence is communication.
means power, force, strength, if the author wants to and communication. Written sentence must  and powerful. Way - a way to  sentences include:
Part of the sentence that should be overlooked or preferably placed at the beginning of the sentence, in this case the inversion is to be realized at the beginning of a sentence or prolepsi or a combination of inversion and prolepsis.
Inversion: the title is placed in front of the subject
Example:
Ordinary: rampant AIDS disease among western people.: among the western rampant AIDS disease.

Prolepsis: information or objects placed in front of the subject. more information prolepsis prolepsis occurs on objects.
Example:
Ordinary: Dad likes to eat satay; meatballs are not: Sate, dad likes; meatballs are not

Combined inversion and prolepsis
- When writing mentions a series of things (events) should be considered and arranged so that the order of things (events) that logical, chronological and climaxed.
- Keywords repeated.
- The word or phrase to be overlooked was the particles can be added, too, and whether.
- A series of things mentioned could be stronger with parallelism.

4. Sentence parallelism effectively address
Parallelism (parallel) is the use of the same grammatical form for the elements of the same function. If a thought is expressed by the phrase, the other thoughts that align with the phrase should be stated also. If the ideas expressed by the verbal noun or verb form Me-in-and forth, parallel to the other ideas that should be stated also by verbal noun or verb in the form of me-and so on. Efforts to downsize words include:
- Eliminate unnecessary subject.
- Avoiding the use of superordinate and hiponim together.
- Bringing the future usage of the word and rather than unnecessary.
- Avoid unnecessary words decomposition.
- Eliminate words such as sanitary napkins, facts, factors, elements unnecessary.
- Eliminate redundancy.

5. Supported effective sentence variation
What is meant by the phrase here is variation variations sentences building paragraphs or paragraph.

6. Effective use of the phrase assisted EYD
The use of capital letters. Capital letters are used as:
- The first letter at the beginning of the sentence
- The first letter excerpts directly
- The first letter in the phrase with scripture, god names, including the pronouns
- The first letter of the name of an honorary degree, descent, followed by the name of the religious

CONCLUSION

Sentence is the smallest unit of language, in the form of oral or written that expresses a complete thought. In the oral form of the sentence pronounced by the sound up and down, hard and soft, interrupted by pauses, and ended with a final intonation. In the form of the Latin inscription lettered sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a dot (.), Question mark (?) And the exclamation point (!). And one of the kinds of sentences are Effective Sentences and phrases that can be said to be effective if it successfully convey messages, ideas, feelings, and notice in accordance with the intent of the speaker or writer. For the delivery to be qualified as a good sentence, ie the structure right, right choice of words, logical relationships, and spelling must be correct.


ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG KALIMAT EFEKTIF

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