Sunday, May 19, 2013

KUMPULAN MAKALAH BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG GLOBALISASI

DISCUSSION OF IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION Citizenship Papers

IMPACT GOLBALISASI

Process, aspect, and the impact of globalization in the Life Nation and country.
1. Understanding Globalization
Globalization comes from kat "Global" whose meaning is universal. Globalization means a process that includes a whole in various spheres of life so it does not seem to mention the boundaries of the real tie. (1)
Globalization in a literal sense is a social change, a growing attachment between people and the elements that occur due to transculturation and technological developments in transportation and communications that facilitate cultural exchange and international economics.
Understanding globalization according to experts such as:
a. Malcolm Waters
Globalization is a social process that resulted in that geographical restrictions on the social situation became less important, which is manifested in the person patience.
b. Ammanuel Ritcher
Globalization is the global network society that simultaneously brings together previously dispersed and radiated-terisolisasi to the interdependence and unity in the world.
c. Thomas L. Friedman
Globalization and technology have ideology. Ideological dimension of capitalism and free markets. While the dimensions of information technology is a technology that has been bringing the world together.
d. Princeton N. Lyman
Globalization is a very fast petumbuhan the interdependencies and relationships between state-neraga in the world in terms of trade and finance.
e. Leoner Briones
Globalization also includes the insntitusi-social development of democratic institutions, human rights human family, and the women's movement.
Globalization according to Major Indonesian dictionary are things in general and the overall incidence of relating to the world, including in which there is a national policy that treats the whole world as an environment worthy of attention. (2)
2. Globalization Process
Some aspects of life related to the development of the process of globalization that have broad impact on the international community.
a. Globalization of information
Increasingly dynamic and rapidly, for example in realtime broadcast news (from the scene when the incident occurred) can be communicated directly to the international community, such as the earthquake asia tsunami that struck the region on December 26, 2004, in a short time can broadcast live by one of the station private.
b. Globalization Telecommunications
For example, the kit can be requested via the internet to process, manipulate any information no matter where we are in various forms.
c. Global Community
Changes in the values ​​of the society due to the flow of information, for example in the case of music, the capital market and money market comudity, and others.
d. Information explosion
The rate of growth and the accumulation of knowledge and information rapidly rising sharply.
e. Anxiety Information
Rapid development of certain issues that the source is unclear, but is believed to be the actual problems, such as terrorism, disease outbreaks and others.
f. Information Society
The development of the economic structure of developed countries, namely from industrial society to an information society.

3. The phenomenon of Globalization
The phenomenon of globalization which is being faced by mankind since the 20th century can be characterized by several things, such as:
a. Current ethnic
Characterized by high levels of human mobility in the form of immigrants, tourists, refugees, workers, and immigrants.
b. Flow Technology
Characterized by mobility technology, the emergence of multinational and transnational corporation whose activities can penetrate national borders.
c. Financial Flows
That arise with the increasing mobility of capital, investment, purchases via the internet and safe deposit in a foreign bank.
d. Flow Media
Characterized by the growing strength of the mobility of information, both through print and electronic media.
e. Flow of Ideas
Characterized by intensified the new value is entered into a state.

    By looking at the globalization phenomenon, found signs perceived in everyday life about globlaisasi.
a. Increased global trade.
b. To increase  International capital, including foreign direct invetasi.
c. Increase cross-border data flows, such as the use of internet, satellite and telephone communications.
d. The insistence of the various parties to prosecute war criminals in international criminal tribunal to call for international justice movement.
e. Increased international cultural exchange through the export of such Hollywood films.
f. Wide  understand multiculturalism and individuals greater access to a variety of cultures.
g. Increased's journey and tourism across the state.
h. Development of global telecommunications infrastructure.
i. Development of the global financial system.
j. Increased activity of the world economy dominated by multinational companies.
k. The increasing role of international organizations, such as WTO, EIPO, IMF, who tried to international transactions.
4. Aspects of Globalization
a. Economic Aspects
Refers to the merging of economic units in the world into a single economic unit of the world.
b. Aspects of Culture and Religious
Refers to new ideas that come from all over the world.
c. Aspects of Technology
The development of information technology that ultimately unites the world into a place without boundaries.
d. Demographic aspects
Refers to the movement of people who apply to change the demographic pattern of a country.

5. Trends in the Era of Globalization
As for some of the trends of globalization can be described as follows:
a. Changes Akseleratis
A rapid change in all fields, especially related to economic interdependence or dependence, information technology, and communications between the countries borders.
b. Capital Flow Without Borders
Ie the growth of the investment climate that covers a wide range of products.
c. Knowledge economy
With the establishment of the globalization of economic relations between bengsa can be for academic study of science, economics, policy and business world government bail.
d. Hiperkompetisi
That is all he was good from the corporate world, the world indistri, or the governments always compete to gain sympathy and market segments as much as possible.
e. Globalization and Complex
Ie everything that  with transnational product has a close interdependence that requires a high level of management and konpleks.
6. Challenges of Globalization
The real challenge in the era of globalization is the increasing complexes all walks of life due to information technology. The fundamental challenges of globalization and will face, among others, the following:
a. Individualism attitude, namely the emergence of trends over important  put yourself together.
b. Youths appreciation, ie the number of young people who have forgotten the fighters and the nation's identity.
c. A critical look at the ideology of the country, ie the number of people who are indifferent to the country's ideology or philosophy.
d. Community Diversification, that is  emergence of groups with certain professions that continue to compete in the various fields of life.
e. High openness, the public demands of governance that emphasizes the approach, dialogue, democracy, supremacy of law, transparency, accountability, effectiveness and efficiency.

7. Perpetrator or Subject Globalization
a. Countries are mapped dichotomous.
b. Between government organizations, such as ASEAN, NATO, Europan Community and others.
c. International company known as the Multinational Corporation (MNC).
d. International organizations or transnational nongovernmental.
e. Oraganisasi non-formal organizations, secret and semi-secret.
8. Impact of Globalization
The positive impact of globalization, namely: Advances in technology and information facilitate human in interacting with other human beings.
Negative impacts are: The number of people whose values ​​and culture change by imitating, or their  selectively.
Following the impact of globalization in various fields:
a. Economy
That is a global community that is no longer dependent on the boundaries.
b. Ideology
Namely the emergence of two major ideologies that dominate the world (liberal and social) in which the two are contradictory.
c. Politics
That is the effect of globalization on the political system in many developing countries such as the political system. Liberal democracy, democracy Pencasila, Social, Communists and so on.
d. Defense and Security
That efforts to maintain the country's sovereignty through the creation of weapons systems, as well as the empowerment of the people and the army formed a defense pact with NATO, SEATO, WARSAW, and so on.
e. Social
Ie the number of values ​​and culture of the people who changed the way imitate or apply it selectively. Such as the presence of modernization in all spheres of life.

9. International Issues In Globalization Impacts
In the emerging economy, the global markets. Whereas in the emerging field of security about terrorism.
Below are some of the international issues related to the impact of globalization, namely:
1. Global markets and global competitor
In the global era, the goods. Services and products from different countries will come in and compete with local products. Flow out of the goods and services are no longer restricted.
2. Transparency (openness)
Transparency or openness especiallyto show on governing the country. Closed government will not last long because the speed of information is still able to break through various government concealed closure.
3. Pluralism
In a global society the relationship between human will be more intensive and not just human compatriots, but people of different races, religions, cultural values, language and customs. Respect for diversity differences is needed.

CONCLUSION


1. Globalsiasi is a process that covers all the various aspects of life that do not seem to mention the boundaries of the real tie, making it difficult to be filtered or controlled.
2. That the process of globalization in the social aspect of going the way through television media both directly and indirectly, and through interactions that occur in masyarakt.
3. That evoked the era of globalization impacts on social aspects of the changes are characteristic of village life that had been qualified by the values ​​of mutual assistance to individual, and the nature is always instant in a person.
4. That the reduction in the impact of globalization on social aspects such as the holding of the quality of human development, provision of life skills, providing global and attitudes that foster insight, rational identity and creating a transparent and democratic governance.


CLOSING

    Thus this paper are arranged carefully and try to show that leads to the discussion of the material. Of course we realize that this paper is far from perfection.
    Hopefully the reader can understood  and constructive suggestions and motivating. So we expect, to improve and refine the paper.

REFERENCES
-    Lemhanas. 2001. Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Jakarta. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
-    Munandar, Haris. 1994. Pembangunan Politik, Situasi Global. Jakarta : PT Gunung Agung.
-    Suradinata, Ermaya. 2001. Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
-    Surat Kabar, Kompas. Jakarta : PT Kompas Media Nusantara. T.H. Tambuan, Tulus, Dr. 2004. Globalisasi dan Perdagangan Internasional. Bogor : PT Ghalia Indonesia.
-    Thoha, Mahmud. 2002. Globalisasi. Jakarta : PT Pustaka Quantum.
-    Semi, Prof. Drs. M. Atar. Berlatih Menjadi Wartawan Kecil. Bandung : Titian Ilmu.
-    Kansil, C. S. T. 2003, Ilmu Negara ( Umum dan Indonesia ). Jakarta : PT Pradnya Paramita.
-    Himpunan Ketetapan, MPRS dan MPR RI Berdasarkan Ketetapan MPR RI No. 1 / MPR / 2003 Pasal 2 dan Pasal 4 Skretariat Jendral MPR RI 2005.


DISCUSSION OF IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION Citizenship Papers IMPACT GOLBALISASI

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