Wednesday, March 27, 2013

CONTOH KUMPULAN ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG INTERNET



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNET


Beginning in 1957, through the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), the United States committed to developing an integrated communications network that connects the scientific community and military purposes. It is against the backdrop of the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union (in 1957 the Soviets launched sputnik).

The first major development of the Internet is the most important invention of packet switching that ARPA in 1960. Packet switching is sending a message that can be broken down into smaller packages, each package can be through a variety of alternative lines broken when one of the main track to achieve its intended purpose. Packet switching also allows the network can be used simultaneously to do a lot of connections, unlike the telephone lines that require dedicated lines to connect. So when the ARPANET became a national computer network in the United States in 1969, packet switching is used thoroughly as replacing circuit switching communication methods used in public telephone.

The development of the Internet both recorded in the history of the Internet is the development of a network layer protocol known as the most widely used today is TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol). A protocol is a set of rules for dealing . This protocol was developed by Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf in 1974. With the standard protocol and widely agreed upon, then the local network scattered in different places can be interconnected to form a giant network even now reach the entire world. Network using internet protocol is what is often referred to as the Internet.

ARPANET became bigger since then and began to be managed by the private sector in 1984, it joined a growing number of universities and commercial enterprises began to enter. TCP / IP to an agreed common protocols that can communicate on the internet is.

The third major development is the establishment of Internet applications on the World Wide Web in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. Applications World Wide Web (WWW) has become a highly anticipated item of all Internet users. WWW makes all users can share a variety of applications and content, as well as linking together scattered material on the internet. Since then the growth of Internet users skyrocketing.  Influence the development of the Internet ...
The Internet has made a new revolution in the world of computers and the world of communications that are not unprecedented. Some findings telegraph, telephone, radio, and computers is a series of scientific work that led towards the creation of the Internet in a more integrated and more capable than those tools. Internet has the ability to broadcast to the world, has a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without being limited by geography.

The Internet is the most successful example of business investment that can never stop, and commitment to research following the development of the information technology infrastructure. Beginning with a study packet switching (packet switching), government, industry and the academic community have collaborated effort to change and create this exciting new technology.  Developments intenet history can be divided into four aspects, namely

    The existence of technological evolution that began aspects of the research packet switching (packet switching) ARPANET (the following technology equipment), which at that time carried out further research to develop insights into the data communications infrastructure that includes multiple dimensions such as scale, performannce / reliability, and high-level kefungsian.
The existence of aspects of the implementation and management of a global and complex infrastructure.
    There is the social aspect that is produced in a large community consisting of Internauts working together to create and develop this technology continues.
    There is a commercial aspect resulting in an extreme but effective change from a study that resulted in the formation of a large infrastructure and useful information. Internet is now a global information infrastructure (widespread information infrastructure), which was originally called "the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure" in the United States. Its history is very complex and includes many aspects such as technology, organization, and community. And the effect is not only on the field of computer communication techniques but also affects the social problems as of now we do is we use a lot of these tools on line to achieve
an electronic business (electronic commerce), ownership information and interact with the community.
History of the Internet and the proliferation of the Internet
The history of the intenet began in 1969 when the Department of Defense, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) decided to conduct research on how to connect a computer to form an organic network. This research program known as the ARPANET. In 1970, already more than 10 computers were successfully connected to each other so that they can communicate with each other and form a network....

In 1972, Roy Tomlinson managed to complete the e-mail that he was created a year ago for the ARPANET. E-mail program is so easy that instantly became popular. In the same year, was also introduced as an icon @ important symbol that shows the "at" or "on". In 1973, ARPANET computer network were developed outside the United States.

Computer University College in London, was the first computer that is outside the United States who are members of Arpanet network. In the same year, two computer experts that Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn presented a bigger idea, which became the forerunner of the Internet thinking. This idea was presented for the first time at the University of Sussex.

Historic day following the date of March 26, 1976, when the Queen of England managed to send an e-mail from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment at Malvern. A year later, more than 100 computers on the ARPANET joined to form a network or network. In 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis, and Steve Bellovin, created the first newsgroups called USENET. In 1981 France Telecom created a buzz by launching the first television telephone, where people can call each other while dealing with the video link.
Because the computers that make up the network increasingly, it needed a formal protocol that is recognized by all networks. In 1982 established the Transmission Control Protocol or TCP and Internet Protocol or IP that we know it all. Meanwhile in Europe appear counter computer network known as Eunet, which provides computer network services in the countries of the Netherlands, England, Denmark and Sweden. Eunet network providing e-mail and USENET newsgroups.
For a uniform address existing computer network, then in 1984 introduced the domain name system, which we are now familiar with DNS or Domain Name System. Computers connected to the already existing network of more than 1000 computers more. In 1987 the number of computers connected to the network soared 10-fold 10,000 more.

In 1988, Jarko Oikarinen of Finland discovered and simultaneously introduce the IRC or Internet Relay Chat. A year later, the number of interconnected computers soared 10-fold return in a year. No fewer than 100,000 computers are now forming a network. 1990 is the year of the most historic, when Tim Berners Lee to find a program editor and a browser that can roam from one computer to another computer, which form a network. The program is called www, or Worl Wide Web.
In 1992, the computers that are connected to form the network has exceeded a million computers, and in the same year the term surfing the internet. In 1994, the website has grown to 3000 pages address, and for the first time in a virtual-shopping or e-retail surfaced on the internet. The world changed. In the same year, Yahoo! was founded, which is also well-born Netscape Navigator 1.0.

What is the Internet? Let us try to describe understanding of the Internet.

The Internet is a global network of computers world, large and very vast which each computer are connected to each other from country to country around the world and contains a variety of information, ranging from text, images, audio, video, and more.


THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNET

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