Monday, January 21, 2013

CONTOH MAKALAH DAN ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TERBARU


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
Singapore, Post trade in Singapore and world trade, the British Government in Singapore,  modern history is impressive by the hegemony of the state over another country usually for profit motive. Gains made by setting up places strong trading in colonized countries. Historically, this island, Singapore, is a fishing village approve place to be exceptionally useful for fishing as it is located at the mouth of Singapore River. It happened before European settlement but is now clearly recognized Singapore as the city-state island. Many indigenous and folklore living in border areas and river island. History tells us that the British East India Company, led by Sir Stamford Raffles established a trading place on the island that makes Singapore the most prosperous commercial center in 1989. Singapore military force, under the British East India Company also superior. The military forces of a country synonymous with the power of the state. This makes Singapore as a center of modernity itself, which is determined by the success of commercial and military kekutan. On an ongoing basis, Singapore used to be a core of British hegemony in Southeast Asia.

1.2 Problem FormulationIn writing
 this paper will discuss the problems of the history of the development of the country singapore small country.
 1. How is the country Singapore?????
2. why small country like the country that can say singapura developed countries in asia???
Hopefully what is in this paper we can know the issues in terms of the establishment of the Singapore history that developed countries are in asia.

CHAPTER II
            DISCUSSION

2.1 History Singapore
Singapore has the country geographically as follows: North: Country Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia), South: Singapore Strait, the Strait of Pandan, Channel Nine, and Riau Islands (Indonesia), East: South China Sea and the Strait Karimata, West: the Straits of Malacca and Sumatra (Indonesia). Singapore is a country located in the southern republic  malaya with people/km2 population is 4794, the embrace religion is Tao (29.3%), Buddhism (26.7%), Islam (16%), Christian (10, 3%), and religion (13.8%). Languages ​​used are Chinese, Malay, and Tamil. Singapore one of the countries in the world are treated with English plans and programs and the results of the population growth rate of only 1.2% per year and continued recreation  coast with beaches on the island inside and outside the island. Education in Singapore has advanced about 83% of the population over the age of 15 years are no longer illiterate and lives of singapore rate is 75 per-years is am alive expectancy highest in Southeast Asia. In 1965 Singapore became an independent country and joined the Commonwealth of Nations on August 9, 1965. Later, Singapore in 1965 officially became part of the United Nations in September. Since, independence Singapore has managed to escape from the shackles of hegemony and their living standards have improved .
Today, Singapore is in the top list for travelers who seek paradise on Earth. Foreign direct investment and increased interest in the industry to meet international standards has turned Singapore into a regional center of industrial, trading post, education, urbanity and modernity. Singapore today boasts facilities that are open to the advantage of people come from different countries and from all walks of life. Industry planning are translated into execution by Albert Winsemius, the Netherlands and Singapore economist to get advantage of social and economic planning were neat. Ranked by GDP, Singapore is the 5th wealthiest country in the world. For the first time in the history of Singapore's economy has squeezed fund of several billion of official reserves with the permission of the President as part of a security package on February 5, 2009 under the guidance of Minister of Finance of Singapore, Tharman Shanmugaratnam. Singapore's official reserves reached U.S. $ 170.33 billion. According to a survey of Singapore's economy was ranked as the 10th most expensive city to live in the world. This is the result of a dynamic and cosmopolitan population in Singapore live in harmony and  local Chinese who form the ethnic majority.

2.2 Colonization Singapore
Colonialism is a process of imposing hegemony by one country over another country usually for a profit motive. Gains made by setting up places strong trading in colonized countries. Historically, this island, Singapore, is a fishing village Melayu. prove place to be exceptionally useful for fishing as it is located at the mouth of Singapore River. It happened before European settlement but is now clearly recognized Singapore as the city-state island. Many indigenous and folklore living in border areas and river island. History tells us that the British East India Company, led by Sir Stamford Raffles established a trading place on the island that makes Singapore the most prosperous commercial center in 1989. Singapore military force, under the British East India Company also superior. The military forces of a country synonymous with the power of the state. This makes Singapore as a center of modernity itself, which is determined by the success of commercial and military. On an ongoing basis, Singapore used to be a core of British hegemony in Southeast Asia.

2.3 Economic / Trade Post Singapore
Placing the establishment of a trading post in Singapore, the island became one of the most important ports in the world. United Kingdom intervened in the Malay peninsula during the 1920's, transforming Malay became a major manufacturer of rubber and tin. Rubber and tin exported from the island of Singapore. By the end of the 19th century Singapore is the administrative center for Kuala Lumpur Malaya until it has been declared as the capital of Singapore. In 1934, the British government revoked hegemonic control of the East India Company and the trade routes being easily penetrated. This is made possible by an unfair agreement in 1842. Unequal treaty is a general term for various types of treaties signed by several East Asian countries such as China, Japan and Korea with the western powers during the beginning of the 20th century. At that time in the history of Asia can not withstand military pressure imposed on them by foreign powers such as the unfair treaties signed by Asian countries that experienced military failure.

2.4 Singapore and world-trade
The introduction of steam ships to transport goods; transport is faster and cheaper because the steamer has a capacity greater than sailboats. This is a major factor contributing to the rapid trading in Singapore. The opening of the Suez Canal dramatically impact on trade because time travel to neighboring countries from Europe to Asia was greatly reduced leading to increased trade opportunities for Singapore. Commercial activity for the benefit of Singapore is the kind of trade that benefits the traders with the advantage of importing and exporting goods without paying import duties, often at a profit margin. The advantage of trading done is because the terms of trade and trade important. For example, the demand of spices in Europe coupled with strong trading roots Singapore making it an important trading post. Singapore made a profit by labeling goods with higher than market price is considered greater than the original price. In Singapore Contemporary forms of this trade and make a profit have been replaced by local customs that held the tax levy on certain goods.

2.5 The British in Singapore
Although the economy exploded, but the British authorities do not fund the island. As a result of the health care community and the people of Singapore are very neglected diseases such as cholera and small pox. Malnutrition biggest concern among the people and smoking opium is a prevalent social evils. Population increased dramatically and then British trade is not affected by the government does not interfere with state matters. No need to say that profit is the only motive of colonial and colonial regime. They despised the native culture and customs lifted culture, society and economy to worship where they no longer understand the difficulties of local people who colonized under the hegemonic rule. The British government is not effective, the economic growth of the colony, Singapore was the only thing that matters to them. They do not understand the language and customs of the local people and only being interested in taking care of the invaders without the state apparatus and build the community.
Essay authored by Dario Fo, 'black and white mask' explains that the colonists never make history for the country deprived, they always create and magnify their own country's history. That may be the reason why history is so liquid in the bottom, each country has a different perspective on the piece of history and colonial occupation studies aimed at the repeal of the European-centric perspective in history and literature through the authors adopt, adapt and understand that aims to reconstruct the history and gave birth to a corner A balanced for the reader.

UK Regulations revoked in 1942 and the Japanese imperial army to attack Singapore. As a consequence of the British colony was occupied by the Japanese company became the post war Singapore, supported by superior military rulers. Singapore battles have taken place when the Japanese empire attacked Singapore. Singapore is an ally of the countries that opposed the Axis nations during World War II. Shafts of nations such as Japan, Germany and Italy. Singapore is a British military base and was given the title of 'Gibraltar of the East'. It is surprising that Japan dropped the imperial and colonial regimes in 8-9 days, ie, February 7, 1942 until February 15, 1942. Singapore was the biggest battle handover from the British East India Company army. Churchill commented that the fall of Singapore to Japan was the biggest disaster in British history.

2.6 Modern Singapore
Singapore colonial trading post in Singapore Singapore and world trade by the British Government in Singapore Singapore's modern history. In 1965 Singapore became an independent country and joined the Commonwealth of Nations on August 9, 1965. Later, Singapore in 1965 officially became part of the United Nations in September. Since, independence Singapore has managed to escape from the shackles of hegemony and their living standards have improved dramatically.
 Today, Singapore is in the top list for travelers who seek paradise on Earth. Foreign direct investment and increased interest in the industry to meet international standards has turned Singapore into a regional center of industrial, trading post, education, urbanity and modernity. Singapore today boasts facilities that are open to the advantage of people come from different countries and from all walks of life. Industry planning are translated into execution by Albert Winsemius, the Netherlands and Singapore economist to get advantage of social and economic planning were neat. Ranked by GDP, Singapore is the 5th wealthiest country in the world. For the first time in the history of Singapore's economy has squeezed fund of several billion of official reserves with the permission of the President as part of a security package on February 5, 2009 under the guidance of Minister of Finance of Singapore, Tharman Shanmugaratnam. Singapore's official reserves reached U.S. $ 170.33 billion. According to a survey of Singapore's economy was ranked as the 10th most expensive city to live in the world. This is the result of a dynamic and cosmopolitan population in Singapore live in harmony and wealth to the local Chinese who form the ethnic majority.
2.7 Favorite Country Escape Corruptor
Singapore is a favorite place for criminals to escape. In the last ten years, at least 45 suspected criminals fled abroad. Meanwhile, 20 of them chose the lion country.
"The criminals trying to evade the process of law to leave the country. There were about 45 people, 20 of them fled to Singapore, while the rest was to Hong Kong, and other countries," said researcher ICW, Emerson Yuntho, in a discussion titled Corruptor ngeloyor, State Tekor in Jakarta, Saturday (11/6). Emerson asserts, Singapore became a favorite place for criminals to avoid legal proceedings between Indonesia and Singapore because there is no extradition treaty. "The absence of an extradition treaty makes it difficult to uphold the law for Indonesian corruptors. Indonesia The criminals can be easily set from Singapore," he said.


CHAPTER III
          CLOSING

3.1 Conclusion
Singapore is a country located in the southern republic malaya with /km2 population is 4794, the embrace religion is Tao (29.3%), Buddhism (26.7%), Islam (16%), Christian (10, 3%), and religion (13.8%). Languages ​​used are Chinese, Malay, and Tamil English.
Singapore one of the countries in the world are treated with family plans and programs and the results of the population growth rate of only 1.2% per year and continued recreation coast with beaches on the island Siraya samburus samburus inside and outside the island. Education in Singapore has advanced about 83% of the population over the age of 15 years are no longer illiterate and lives of singapore rate is 75 per-years is am alive expectancy highest in Southeast Asia. In 1965 Singapore became an independent country and joined the Commonwealth of Nations on August 9, 1965. Later, Singapore in 1965 officially became part of the United Nations in September. Since, independence Singapore has managed to escape from the shackles of hegemony and the standard of living they have drastically.
Today, Singapore is in the top list for travelers who seek paradise on Earth. Foreign direct investment and increased interest in the industry to meet international standards has turned Singapore into a regional center of industrial, trading post, education, urbanity and modernity. Singapore today boasts facilities that are open to the advantage of people come from different countries and from all walks of life. Industry planning are translated into execution by Albert Winsemius, the Netherlands and Singapore economist to get advantage of social and economic planning were neat. Ranked by GDP, Singapore is the 5th wealthiest country in the world. For the first time in the history of Singapore's economy has squeezed fund of several billion of official reserves with the permission of the President as part of a security package on February 5, 2009 under the guidance of Minister of Finance of Singapore, Tharman Shanmugaratnam. Singapore's official reserves reached U.S. $ 170.33 billion. According to a survey of Singapore's economy was ranked as the 10th most expensive city to live in the world. This is the result of a dynamic and cosmopolitan population in Singapore live in harmony and wealth to the local Chinese who form the ethnic majority.
Although the economy exploded, but the British authorities do not fund the island. As a result of the health care community and the people of Singapore are very neglected diseases such as cholera and small pox. Malnutrition biggest concern among the people and smoking opium is a prevalent social evils. Population increased dramatically and then British trade is not affected by the government does not interfere with state matters. No need to say that profit is the only motive of colonial and colonial regime. They despised the native culture and customs lifted culture, society and economy to worship where they no longer understand the difficulties of local people who colonized under the hegemonic rule. The British government is not effective, the economic growth of the colony, Singapore was the only thing that matters to them. They do not understand the language and customs of the local people and only being interested in taking care of the invaders without the state apparatus and build the community.
Singapore is a favorite place for criminals to escape. In the last ten years, at least 45 suspected criminals fled abroad. Meanwhile, 20 of them chose the lion country. Emerson asserts, Singapore became a favorite place for criminals to avoid legal proceedings between Indonesia and Singapore because there is no extradition treaty. "The absence of an extradition treaty makes it difficult to uphold the law for Indonesian corruptors. Indonesia The criminals can be easily set from Singapore," he said.

3.2 Advice
Hopefully what the authors presented in this paper is particularly useful for Geography Lecturer especially for students taking courses in World Regional Geography to further add insight in understanding the issues in the State of Singapore.



REFERENCES
Jakarta, CyberNews. Indonesian Corruption Watch (ICW)
  Privacy Policy-Team-On, We-KerjaPortofolio.2005.bandung
              Copyright 2001-2011 by Big 5 Media Group, Big5mediagroup.com
Dikta world regional geo Syafril S.Pd, M.Pd UMM 2006













ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG SINGAPURA

0 comments:

Post a Comment