Monday, January 21, 2013

Contoh Cerita Rakyat Dalam Bahasa Inggris Bima


"IMAGINATION AND LANGUAGE"
 
Imagination is  power to form a picture or images of (a story) or mental concepts in the process of forming a particular picture. Example: a sculpture, a painting is the result not the same image that appears when a sculptor, painter's imagination. Therefore imagination applied to mental processes and then to process visual material. Imagination is not the same as illusions, delusions or fantasies of power similar to that delusion to imagine something that is not real. Impossible illusion or illusion is the idea, History ongoing epistemological contrasts between rationalism and empiricism can actually be classified as those that explain the truth to the theory korehensi. A substantial turning point in epistemology occur when language started getting huge attention. It is important what is revealed by Saussure that language is a storehouse of words and phrases, while the sentence as a result of a free and creative activity. Nothing else matters, namely, the theory of language as an image that is expressed by the image of the world that I and the language games Wittgenstein (language games) by Wittgenstein II. Heidegger, and Ricoeur derida provide an important movement toward the "language centers" the movement toward metaphor. Heidegger who said that a "word" has the function of revaluation "word" in the realm of metaphysics being able to reveal. Language is poetic language meant a place convenient to the metaphor itself. Furthermore derida express various thoughts hidden in the language. While recouer more clearly shows the meaning of the metaphor of the whole discourse. Understand ppastodernis raises the idea that the core of the language is the language metaphor that reveals the truth. Indeed, there was no one who did not express the reality and truth. Reality is reality known It is therefore very important role or a very central role. Language medior shifted from its function as a centrum, center uncovered the truth. Language is seen as a place of truth (Veritatis locus). Without language, there is no truth. However, the busy-busy reversal towards language (linguistic turn) instead of not bringing autokritik. Language increasingly explored the role and function of depth, and consequently, the more visible also the weaknesses and negative implications that can be caused by excessive confidence in the language. There are at least three objections from the point of view as well as the context of the experience can be revealed here. First: language always contains negative elements that make each description experience be downsizing experience, because experience itself is our reflex or an object or event and languages ​​deemed unable to explain. Second: language always carries the possibility of generalization. Express something that always carries the potential to take general terms, or in other words applying the principles with associations and analogies, finding similarities-similarities. Wealth reality that is constantly enriching the language and terms of the new delivery model. Language can enrich reality, but the model fidelity to reality is not always carry meaning in language development.
Third: the tendency of defining reality in the process of knowledge, and ultimately there is the possibility of defining truth. Language  motion reality. Reality and truth always move dynamically and without falling into  remains found peaks are understood to be the truth. But instead, the discussion was complete, detailed and striking, the truth and reality can be defined, captured clearly.  Evaluation of the concept of imaginationv The following will be put forward some views that have given understanding of imagination at a time. This view will be divided into three major parts namely the pre-modern, modern, and postmodern.
1. Pre modern
Premodern outlook begins with the view contained in the hebrew word "yaster" used to termed imagination. Yaster within the meaning of Hebrew means forming "or" to "create". Hebrew understanding the ability of imagination in describing both as ethical awareness of good and evil as well as historical past and future. All images and mental images that we get from the experience through sensation, then the ratio through imagination. Finally, the mass is characterized by  pre modern thinkers Augustine. Agustinu famous who introduced the term imagination (latin language). He was strongly influenced by Platonism. Furthermore, Augustine distinguishes imagination into 3 types:
1. Imagination brings picture picture of the things he had ever experienced
2. Imagination brings picture is not experienced examples: events be-events in the history / myth.
3. Imagination picture numbers and size as in the drawing, astronomy, and geometric.
2. Modern 
The views are very representative of modern times actually comes from Immanuel Kant to mental imagination. Transcendental imagination Kant meant by none other than the imagination as a hidden condition of all knowledge. So, imagination is not a transcendental entities "outside" in the human self. It is he who our experience of the world. The following views on imagination and decent modern-day notice is from Sartre, his view can be summarized in the four following points:
 a. Images (picture of an act than an object in consciousness). Imagination is a productive activity that intensifies an object in a certain way
b. Imagination it is quasi observation. That is, the imaginative consciousness projecting what is imagined as if it were real, it is not an observation that appears to control, but an observation that is not real or quasi observation.
c. Imagination is a spontaneity, imagination creates its own meaning in itself.
d. Imagination is nothing and when expressed into existence
3. Postmodern
At this stage the imagination even more and cover the representational nature of reality itself He "established" reality. One of the traits that need to see is that most post-modern filusuf reject the idea of ​​"origin" (origin), which is an important conversation. Peak deconstruction post modernism, especially in relation to language and therefore also in terms of language lies in the eyes of imagination derida. The views derida can be delivered within two points, namely:

1. Mimetic without origin. Derida says the best way to deconstruct metaphysics ususl origin (origin) is a deep investigation into the "write" (ecriture).
2. Apocalypse without end. The term "apocalypse" actually means a "disclosure" a comparison to each other in his deconstructive titled "glass". Featuring two columns of writing, literature and a philosophical one. He commented on both the deconstructive analysis of the word "come" (come) ". This word describes as the strongest apocalyptic tone. In the end, cirri deconstructive understanding of the word "come" is undermining the efforts to determine the conceptual and linguistic meaning of a language is a parody on life or anything. We can not even imagine what it is "true " apocalypse without kahir in understanding this.  view images and
   Images  British image, from Latin imago (mock).
1. The term is sometimes used to translate the word in Greek Eidolon, as in Democritus and the Epicureans and frameworks call sent by the objects of the five senses in perception.
2. Phantasma Greek term translated into English to know phantasma image. Aristotle mentions potential ideas as phantasmata. And in the tradition of Aristotelian-Thomistic intellect generally active in influencing phantasma to produce a universal nature.
3. Both francis bacon and hobes use the term Phantasm. But the empirical generally mengandalakan a similar images (images). For example poem: simple ideas locke, hume impressions, or sensations Condillac. And the point is the principle ingredient asosiai member to be ideas.
4. Berkeley, with the idea of ​​using the term as a substitute hume images, stating that all ideas are certainly particular.
5. Francis Galton, on the other hand, introduce generic term image as a bridge between the data and the general concept of concrete sensations.
6. Argument- and opponents of the argument, the need for, and importance of images collide with the arguments-arguments of supporters and opponents of the data of the senses.

2. Imagination English:
 imajination; from Latin imajinatio, imaginari (imagine events, or to form impressions or mental concepts that do not exist for the senses-senses, the ability to form impressions or concepts like that), synonymous with the Greek word Phantasia (impersonation).

3. Some sense of imagination
 in general a. The ability to generate impressions and back in new combinations that are separate from the actual events in reality.
b. The process of reviving perceptions as image, change it and compile them into patterns or new units.
c. The ability to idealize or to experience.
d. Activity formulate ideas (concepts, drawings, models) are members of understanding (insigh) about symptoms that explain it.
4. Meaning peioratif
Use peioratif in expressions such as "this product my imagination" contains a mental construction that is not entirely real, the formation of an inaccurate depiction or not at all representative of what has happened. None of these definitions may contain fleksionalisasi and the reconstruction of reality.
5. Imagination and memory
Furthermore, different imagination with memory (memory), imagination is the ability to combine freely with the idea of ​​representation. Imagination utilize the material in memory and compile them with legal associations. Imagination is often placed at the level of spiritual creativity serve to direct attention freely and passive. Special attention should be called deals in dreams, plays, fairy tales and myths, and in all earnest thought is creative.
6. Imagination and Dreams
The function of the imagination in a dream to bring awareness to a series of images that seem irregular and tuna meaning. For the most part, the picture is not controlled by logical thinking and free elections. In the images produced by the dream, law associations and conscious desire not play a role. As a result, the arrangement and the general purpose of the activity is not realized in the dream. However, dreams give us valuable effects, such as: poetry, inspiration, problem solving
7. Imagination and play
The use of imagination in the play own way incorporates both the idea of ​​change that comes suddenly and in line with the flow of the theme. Imagination is not only the show's natural urge to carry a person's ability, but also the spiritual aspect of human will be a creative illusion everyday boring, and the need for illusion that relax the mind and at the same time fun and meet it.
8. Imagination in fairy tales and myths
Imagination is also used in fairy tales and myths. The use of imagination in fairy tales and myths not only reveal certain relationships of motives behind the myth and the myth that the people involved, but also shows a disturbing similarity in different nations and cultures.

9. The importance of imagination
1. The power of imagination played a very important role as creative imagination.
2. In humans, all the new thinking imagination naturally need assistance with freedom to play around the ideas.
3. As uncontrolled imagination detrimental to the development of personality. Similarly denagan careful development of a rich imagination and psychologically and ethically sound is at once valuable and essential for all spiritual progress
4. In the field of science, imagination helped scientists to discover the world by incorporating hypotheses, concepts, ideas to experiment. In the field of art, imagination plays an important role in a special way. For the artist, the imagination not only helps to a generalization, but as a force to be called art drawings animate meaningful.
5. Nothing like a fantastic dream that get people out of the real world, the imagination of the need of the community is a very valuable quality that helps us get to know life and know him.
10. View of some philosophers
1. Type of analysis proposed by the empiricist close to the literal sense of this word. British empiricists, for example, defines imagination as the reprocessing of materials derived senses.
2. Kant distinguishes reproductive and productive imagination. The former uses data from the chaotic senses and give us the whole object. Imagination makes a complete model of what not complete on the sensed. Productive imagination to do more than that, it is a strength that allows the unity of the world and enable understanding.
3. Coleridge, imagination split into two parts: wishful thinking (fancy) and constructive imagination. Wishful thinking is very similar to the combined imagination of Hobbes but constructive imagination more than just random associations and essentially his own world by arranging the details into the unity itself according to its own plan control.
4. Croce saw imagination as a creative intuition, and the process is very important in the creation of aesthetic.
For example you can see below  >>

FOLKTALE Donggo / Mbojo
ORIGINS OF KAI DOU WARA DONGGO DOU

            Donggo is genuine mangge'e aka ra wa'una santoi Mbojo funds. Dou doho edere ngge'e na doro aka TINTI. Because hidina geographically averaged more than dese Mbojo funds. Dou Donggo mori wokona ra na mori do'o bedana labo ra Woko Wunga kalampa rawipu dou Mbojo ake time. Community Donggo most na'ena it doho Ede na ngge'e aka Donggo ederu districts in Tangara kai dou Donggo dii, ro na midi sarunde Douna aka sub Wawo woha (ederu Wawo TINTI doro), ederu bune aka sense theta, tarlawi, kuta , sambori ra kaludu dou Donggo Ele. Saramba Kaina, when in fact native to wati sara'ana ake Kaina aka TINTI midi doro. Sabua excuse me ma babau it doho ra aka commonly namidi nangge'e aka TINTI doro, ederu because recessive ba dou dou malu'u ederu cultural Wa'a ro ma ma bou ederu religion islam religion, Christianity, ro even Hindu / Buddhist. Problems in karawi Kaina edere ba ro mbuipu tenggona belief imbina doho Basia aka dei indigenous cultures aslina ra ra la Imbi Basia doho edere of ntoi-ntoi wa'una. Sawatipu ba mai dou bou lu'u Ede. Imbi believe Poda ba ra ra ina ama Ompu wa'I it doho Akaka ederu imbina dei parafu. Imbi percayana dei parafu edere ra na mori wa'ura ndadi ra part of it doho Woko Ede. So na hori wi'ina ncoki me in, although in its class re ahirna ntuwura mawa'a Islamic religion dou dou ro lu'una mawa'a Christianity. So it doho edere ngawa Kaina received religious beliefs ro ma bou. As mori ra wokona it doho Ede mbuipu ngupa ngaha Kaina mantoi way. So ngupa ra ngaha dou kai kai Donggo mbuipu ngupa ngaha kanggihi ro kanggama. Sawatipu badena ngguda ra congge, it doho edere kanggihi panda-pinda na, so it doho Hidi ngge'e Kaina edere pinda na lao-pindaja tab kanggihi Kaina era. Kaina mai kai ma modern era when so FIKI ra edeja kananu modern na ja edere community, especially school dei ra technology. When wa'ura mboto ake na ma graduate native Donggo sakola rama ngupa science dei sense makalai (ari maiba Mbojo funds) ederu aka panda end, mataram, ro even fund ederu Java, Bandung, jogyakarta, jakarta ro even wara guardian Malao S2 ari ederu overseas ausrtalia ro mbotopu makalai aka flavor. Ndede guardian Jampa technology issues wa'ura lu'u kai na mori ra Woko it doho Ede, ederu problem narrator tolo, Honda auto ra ro perkaka uma, because sara'ana sense na wa'ura lu'u Kaiba listrik.bahkan mboto dei it doho mandadi preacher, because mboto ra Malao pilgrimage. Saramba kai dou-wara ramba Donggo ake, ederu of warana story kalepe royal, royal Hidi kalepe edere wara Kaina kai aka doro Parado labo evidence warana objects mantoi ro Ra'a Hidi iha kai royal palace. From mbotona evidence mawara edere, royal kalepe ake Wunga wadu age ra naka age ederu human era letters ro tunti sawatipu Patana. Kalepe royal kingdom akeke ederu Mbojo ma podana, as well as the original dou Mbojo londo crowded. From the story mawara edere, royal kalepe la kaka'oba Ncuhi virgin sesame dohona ro, then dou lao kalepe Kaina rai ra ta ta ele in because mai dou dei mesemai Kaiba. Malao in ederu until Tambora, then katu'u Kaina Sensitive kingdom in Tambora, while Marai lao ele wati raka bade. Problems narrator Ede wara kai evidence warana objects mantoi bune wadu pa'a, karombo, tobacco rumba mboto walipu makalai ro-lai. Sarunde Douna kalepe society Mawati wa'u rai ra lao pakina wekina, then midi Kaina aka sambori, because it doho FIKI kai ba ba dou watira coco guardian, so Tangara Kaira Donggo ele. While it doho ra la stage (raka) ba dou dei Lewa edere Kaina aka paki Kaira Donggo, then ndadi kai menana family ancestry mandadi Donggo ra dii, ederu Donggo O'o, kala, Sangari, mbawa, tolonggeru ra nggeru kopa. Wara possibility that ma hamlet of community led it doho Ede, ederu Ncuhi, sawa'u ba edere kaboro menana wekina in malawan kingdom, kai kaka'o touch Ncuhi ederu royal virgin kalepe, ederu ketuana of five (5) Ncuhi edere in Tangara (Pehe) Kaira Ncuhi na'e Banggapupa, dorowoni, parewa, bolo, virgin. While wara Kaina Ncuhi makalai ederu bune Ncuhi Donggo, Ncuhi kolo, labo Ncuhi Parado ma mai Kento.


IMAGINATION AND LANGUAGE FOLKTALE

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